The lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) was until recently classified as a Vulnerable species. It is a cavity nester species finding proper nest sites in natural cliff holes or, as more frequently today, cavities found within rural buildings. These are often abandoned and therefore, with no maintenance, the main structures of kestrel colonies have been collapsing across years. To counterbalance the reduced availability of nesting sites for kestrels, and because of their unfavorable conservation status, artificial nest boxes have been placed in several areas of their breeding range. On our study site, the Gela Plain in Sicily, as on other Mediterranean breeding areas, high temperatures may reach lethal values for the nest content. Since 2004, we collected biotic and abiotic data at macro- and micro-scales to integrate an analysis aiming to predict nest temperatures in different nest types. Paradoxically, early breeders preferentially occupied the coolest nest types, the roof tiles, whereas late breeders, starting their nesting attempts with hotter temperatures, occupied the overheated nest boxes. We discuss our findings in the light of planning proper and efficient conservation actions, such as providing different nest types, by pondering whether kestrel nest preferences might either sort into ecological traps or be the result of ecological limitations.
|Titolo:||Planning conservation actions by investigating nest preferences and biotic and abiotic factors within lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) colonies|
CAMPOBELLO, Daniela (Corresponding)
|Appare nelle tipologie:||6.3 Poster non pubblicato|