Plants respond to arthropod herbivory with the induction of volatiles called herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs). These volatiles appear to be important sources of information that attract parasitoids. Parasitic wasps foraging decisions are often affected by community characteristics such as community diversity and complexity. As part of a complex habitat, the presence of unsuitable hosts (non-host) may affect foraging behavior of parasitoids. In this chapter, we outline the importance of the presence of unsuitable herbivores on the behavioral responses of parasitoids. First we review the foraging behavior of parasitoid in tritrophic interaction. Then we focus on foraging behavior by parasitoids in multiherbivore communities either with the presence of non-host in above- ground or in below- ground part.
|Titolo:||Effect of dual biotic stress on plant volatile synomones used by an egg parasitoid|
|Citazione:||Moujahed, R.Effect of dual biotic stress on plant volatile synomones used by an egg parasitoid.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.2 Tesi di dottorato|